Industrial minerals are non-metallic natural resources, exclusive of fossil fuel and water. However, some specific rocks are within the scope of industrial mineral study. Raw industrial minerals can be processed into daily and industrial products. Well-known traditional industrial minerals, among others, are clay minerals as raw material for ceramic manufacturing, silica sand for glass manufacturing, limestone as the main component of cement, asbestos in the manufacturing of roof and ceiling, and not to forget talc as foundation of cosmetic products. In industries, barite is used as drilling mud for petroleum exploration wells, mica as good electrical insulator, and hard minerals such as garnet and zircon are used as grinding materials. In the last few decades, the use of industrial minerals has been extended to advanced fields of studies, such as polymer, composite, and electronic materials. While ordinary rocks are source of aggregate materials, those with attractive color and pattern are sliced and polished into dimension stones, suitable building material for floor and wall.
In order to locate a mineral deposit and to estimate its reserve, exploration programs utilizing special techniques have to be carried out. The industrial minerals must also be studied to suit international standards. The combination of data on exploration, reserve and characterization will enable judgment whether the deposit is economically exploitable, that is after taking into account the current market price.
The Master of Science programme offered is a programme based on coursework requiring 12 months (2 semesters). Candidates are required to complete a total of 40 unit hours, comprising 20 credit hours of core courses and 21 credit hours of elective courses. Candidates are encouraged to expand their individual interests through research projects which commence in the first semester and are supervised by UKM academic staff together with experts/scientists from relevant institutes. Candidates are required to submit their Research Project Dissertation at the end of the second semester for examination.
- Research Methodology
- Geographic Information System and Remote Sensing
- Environmental Ethics
- Research Project I
- Research Project II
- Analytical Techniques and Assessment of Industrial Minerals
- Earth Resources
- Upstream and Downstream Aspects of Industrial Minerals
- Geology of Industrial Minerals
- Economics of Industrial Minerals
- Techniques in Industrial Mineral Exploration